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沙发客Leo的环球旅行故事

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法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图)  

2011-01-17 23:56:00|  分类: 欧洲旅行故事 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事

主要内容:原以为只有中国大学生面临就业难问题,去了趟法国Leo才知道法国大学生也面临着同样的问题。

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
远眺埃菲尔铁塔

    全球经济不景气,导致失业人数增加,工作岗位减少。法国作为全球重要的经济体无法避免失业问题,刚才在网上查到的数据去年11月份的数据显示法国的失业人数有近270万。在法国工作岗位需要减少,对于现在的法国青年要找一份稳定的工作比从前难多了。Leo听说在法国年轻人要找到一份合适且稳定的正式工作甚至需要五到十年。

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
科技馆

    法国人喜欢改变,他们意识到改变的需要,但是要改的是他人,不是自己。那些有工作的“长辈”千方百计阻挠任何有利于年轻无业者得到工作而把自己挤掉的改革方案。最终导致法国的年轻人包括这些“长辈”的孩子工作难找。

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
巴黎街头建筑

    目前法国失业率仍处于近10年来的高位,特别是年轻人和大龄就业者失业率偏高,15-29岁年轻人失业率约15%。如何解决年轻人和大龄职工就业仍是困扰政府的难题之一。就业是目前法国民众最关心的问题,他们最希望总统萨科奇优先解决的便是解决失业问题,远远高于改善购买力、降低公共赤字等。

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
巴黎街头雕塑

    为了生活大多法国青年择做小时合同工。招正式工人在法国开支是很高的,政府要求雇主为雇员交纳其收入的42%作为各项保险金费。雇主为了减少支出也愿意招这种小时合同工。很多人真着干,所以这样的工作现在也不容易找,但比找一份正式的工作要容易,而且能给年轻人带来工作经验。然后这种工作最大的缺点就是没有工作保障。当合同结束时,雇主可以轻易地以相同条件续签合同;如雇员要求提高报酬或转为正式工,雇主就会让他走人,然后以相同条件雇佣别的零时合同工。
    原以为只有中国面临大学生就业难问题,去了趟欧洲Leo才知道原来西方发达国家并不是天堂,他们也面临着同样的问题。

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
交叉路口

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
教堂

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
巴黎街头雕塑1

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
巴黎街头接雕塑2

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
美丽的桥

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
塞纳河

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
在桥上布满游客
法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
卢浮宫周围的建筑

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
卢浮宫博物馆

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
卢浮宫博物馆2

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
蓝天绿地

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
美丽的建筑

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
巴黎街头喷泉

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
教堂

法国大学生需花五至十年找一份称心工作(图) - 顺风车游世界Leo - Leo的环球旅行故事
休闲的人们

这是昨晚法国朋友发给Leo的邮件关于法国青年就业问题的看法。很多法国人选择了出国另谋出路。
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Furthermore, you have to understand that most of people in France knows that the situation is not so great, but they are afraid to change it, they don't want to get to an economic system like in US or UK : "The state must protect his citizens, and not leave them out of a hospital, because they have no money to pay the doctor..." They don't want a liberal capitalist economy, but a socialist state which create the employment.

My opinion is :

First, that the state cannot find a solution for this big problem. They don't know how to do and, actually, they don't really care about us... I think that the economy should be more liberal, and the national insurance charges less for the companies. More the state controls the economy and more the economy is fragile.

Secondly, the "CDI" (real jobs) are too much protected, more and more. The labor unions fight for workers who already have a real job. It is almost impossible to dismiss someone who has a CDI but who works very badly. That is the problem. And so, the employers are afraid to give a chance to a young by hiring him.

Finally, the labor market is not dynamic, and if, by a miracle, you find a real job, even if you don't like it, you keep it. Some of people go from job to job (like me), without having the opportunity to get a "real" job.

But in Paris you can find a job easily : you work there few years, and after this you can find a job in another city more easily. Finding a real job goes quickly if you have a good experience in Paris. In IT or electronics you can find a real job in Paris, but not everyone wants to live in Paris. And personally I don't want to live in Paris even 1 year.

One of my friends created his own company. It is very hard, and the state doesn't really help you. The 2 first years, you pay no charges, but the 3rd year, you pay everything, including the charges not paid the first 2 years. This friend is the only one that I know, who opened his company.

Some other go to Canada, Australia for one year or more.

To give you an idea, I will tell you my personal experience : my brother is in Canada for 2 1/2 year with his wife (they stayed there 1 year, they came back to France and they leaved again France for the Canada ; he is engineer in electronics, she is an artist), 1 friend of me (without real jobs) was in Australia 1 year, she will leave now 1 year to Canada, a couple of friends who was in China 1 month for holidays go to Canada for 1 year (they are artists : musician and relaxation), a friend of me is now in India for holidays during 6 months or more (she doesn't had any interesting job, no study), a friend of me is in London since 3 years (he wants to work in finances), a friend of me worked in Ireland during few years (maybe 5, as IT technician), he moved now to Spain, a friend of me is in US since 2 years (IT programmer), a friend of me is in Canada - Quebec for 1 year (don't know her job), a friend of me is in Australia, she is an architect, but she just want to improve her English, to discover Australia and to work there from time to time.

There is a contract between France and Canada and Australia, to give young people the opportunity to go there for one year and to work there. They have a "permits vacances travail". They must come back to France after this. With this experience they can easily find a job, because most of people don't speak so well English, so the labor market needs them.

This is all that I can tell you about this problem.
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